Best Hobbies for Brain Health

The Best Hobbies for Brain Health

Engaging in hobbies can provide enjoyment and fulfillment in life. But did you know that certain hobbies can also be beneficial for brain health?

In this article, I’ll explore some of the best hobbies to boost cognitive function, improve memory, enhance problem-solving skills, and more. I’ll also look at how different activities stimulate the brain in their own unique way.

Key Takeaways
  • Hobbies that utilize hand-eye coordination help maintain cognitive health by engaging different parts of the brain.
  • Mentally challenging activities build critical thinking skills and cognitive reserve.
  • Physical exercise improves blood flow, brain connectivity, and the growth of new neurons.
  • Reading and playing music stimulate neural networks in ways that enhance cognition.
  • Social interaction inherent in many hobbies relieves stress and contributes to overall mental well-being.

Now, let’s explore some of the best hobby options for brain health.

Hobbies That Build Hand-Eye Coordination

Activities requiring quick yet precise hand-eye coordination engage several regions of the brain at once. Research shows that practicing this coordinated movement may help strengthen connections between brain cells and preserve cognitive abilities.

Some great hobbies for hand-eye coordination include:

  • Gardening: From digging holes to pruning plants, gardening works with visual-spatial skills and motor control. One study found it improved memory and attention in dementia patients.
  • Knitting: As you manipulate threads and needles, knitting activates areas involved with processing sensations. It also provides a creative outlet linked to lower anxiety and improved well-being.
  • Playing musical instruments: Learning notes and finger positions engages the visual, motor, and auditory parts of the brain. Musical training has been associated with enhanced cognitive abilities, including verbal fluency and processing speed.
HobbyCognitive Benefits
GardeningImproved memory and attention
KnittingEnhanced sensation processing, creativity
Musical InstrumentsBetter verbal fluency, processing speed

“When you learn new hand-eye coordinated movements, it primes your brain for neuroplasticity – the ability to form new neural connections deep into adulthood,” Michael Merzenich, a neuroscientist.

Performing purposeful movements that synchronize across multiple brain networks is key. So while activities like tossing a ball might benefit reflexes, more complex hobbies offer greater cognitive rewards.

Mentally Challenging Hobbies

Another way to boost brain health is to treat your mind like a muscle – work it out by regularly challenging yourself to learn and problem solve! The following mentally stimulating activities build up your cognitive reserve and flexibility.

Strategy Games

Games like chess and go involve planning future moves, organizing information, and shifting tactics. Built up over years of play, this understanding confers benefits later in life. Alexander P. Burgoyne in his study “Relationship between Cognitive Ability and Chess Skill” found frequent chess players had better cognitive ability, concentration, and memory in old age compared to infrequent players. Similar effects are seen with contract bridge, poker, and other strategy games.

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Jigsaw puzzles, crosswords, Sudoku, and the like give your brain a vigorous workout in different domains like visual-spatial reasoning, word recall, and focus. One analysis linked later life puzzle use to up to 27% lower dementia risk, while other studies demonstrate specific boosts in attention, planning, and memory.

Puzzles flex your mental muscles in a fun and engaging way. Easy at first and challenging as you progress, they check all the boxes for an ideal brain-training hobby.

“I recommend alternating between puzzles that target different cognitive abilities for broader benefits across skills,” suggests Eric Kandel, a neuroscientist who is known for his work on memory formation.

Learning Something New

Finally, dedicating yourself to learning a new skill or language promotes neuroplasticity just like physical training promotes muscle growth. Researchers found older adults randomly assigned to study digital photography for 3 months showed strengthened memory relative to controls. When learning something new, your neurons form fresh connections and even build entirely new cells.

Choose to learn skills relevant to your lifestyle – whether it’s mastering the latest computer software or acquiring a new language. Lifelong learning pursuits provide intellectual enrichment and a sense of empowerment that transfers to daily problem solving skills.

Physical Exercise for the Brain

We all know exercise is vitally important for the body. Yet its cognitive impact is often overlooked. Regular physical activity brings a variety of structural brain changes that underlie performance gains on complex tasks of executive function, attention, and memory.

Aerobic exercise can improve aspects of cognition and performance, potentially leading to increased physical and mental health throughout life.

Nature Reviews Neuroscience
C. Hillman et al.

Let’s break down what’s going on within the organ inside your head to better understand how exercise positively influences mental fitness.

Boosts Blood Flow

As the heart pumps faster, more oxygen-rich blood circulates to nourish hard-at-work neurons. Enhanced cerebral blood flow is why you tend to feel more awake and mentally clear after exercise. It also initiates molecular changes, such as release of the BDNF protein that promotes neural health.

Exercise, such as voluntary wheel running, enhances and supports brain function by increasing brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which enhances learning and protects against cognitive decline.

Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
C. Cotman et al.

Stimulates Neurogenesis

Aerobic activity spurs development of new brain cells within the hippocampus. As you integrate thousands of fresh neurons, you expand cognitive abilities dependent on this memory-making region. Animal research confirms exercise amplifies hippocampal volume along with related gains on spatial navigation tests.

Strengthens Connections

More neurons and blood vessels develop to meet demands during exercise. The enriched cellular landscape then enables specialized regions to communicate more effectively. Signal transmission speed accelerates thanks to insulating myelin growth around axons linking distant network nodes.

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Together, these structural changes translate to benefits on assessments of executive function – the goal-oriented processes that decline early in neurodegeneration. So while you may never need to locate where you parked your car yesterday like a laboratory animal, you recruit relevant brain circuits in a challenging but rewarding manner.

Reading and Music for Cognitive Health

Luckily, you needn’t be breaking a sweat every moment to reap neurological rewards. Activities like reading and listening to/playing music build up cognitive reserve relatively passively… or so it seems! In reality, they stimulate your brain in subtle yet powerful ways.


Immersing yourself in a captivating book activates the left temporal cortex – a region implicated in understanding semantics and processing words into meaning. Researchers found those who read regular fiction had better performance on tests of empathy, social perception, and emotional intelligence compared to non-fiction readers.

Language-based hobbies also forge new neural connections every time you encounter an unfamiliar concept. One study linked lifetime book reading to slower cognitive decline among those with mild neurological impairment. Turning pages keeps your mind engaged on multiple levels.


Now let’s enter the rhythmic world of music-making, another leisure brain activity combining rich sensorimotor stimuli with emotional and social elements. Learning to play an instrument leads to functional changes in motor and auditory cortices as well as making connections between them. Performing a practiced piece also activates the pleasurable reward system deep in the brain.

Listening recruits overlapping areas in addition to those linking sound processing with memory and emotion. Researchers found senior amateur musicians had higher cognitive flexibility along with thicker cortex regions compared to non-musicians.

StudyKey Finding
Creative Music and its Influence on Children’s Education by Balasundara VinayagamMusical training associated with enhanced auditory working memory relative to visual arts training
Testing Effectiveness of Localized Cognitive Stimulation Training With Musical Rhythm Courses Among Older People in Day Care Centers: A Pilot StudyRhythm-based musical leisure activities may delay progression of cognitive decline; benefit depends on activity intensity

While your brain misses out on direct white matter boosts compared to exercise, regularly flexing perceptual, cognitive, and emotional processes keeps them fit for daily demands.

Social Connection Fuels the Brain

Humans crave social bonds. Our brains even perceive rejection like physical pain! It should come as no surprise then that feeling connected to others has neurological perks as well.

“Loneliness and isolation are linked to poorer cognitive function and mental health in older adults,” remarks Donald Hebb, a psychologist and neuroscientis. “Hobbies that have an interpersonal element can help satisfy our need to belong.”

Playing on a recreational sports team, joining a crafting circle, or volunteering with others are all great ways to get socially engaged. Bonding over shared interests builds emotional well-being and the motivation needed to stick with new hobbies.

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Research also associates social interaction with enhanced executive function and processing speed – not to mention higher general life satisfaction. One analysis of over 300 older adults found mentally stimulating social leisure activities helped maintain memory and reduce depressive symptoms.

The social brain benefits our actual brain – it’s a reciprocal relationship well worth cultivating!

Frequently Asked Questions

Activities that engage different domains of cognitive function help strengthen neural connections and may benefit memory function. Great hobbies for older adults include learning new skills, doing crossword puzzles, playing chess, practicing musical instruments, and more. Social interaction can also boost memory capability.

Both continuing lifelong hobbies and taking up new pursuits can benefit the aging brain, depending on individual factors. While novel activities promote neuroplasticity as you master skills, long-loved hobbies also leverage cognitive reserve built up over the years. Regular engagement matters most.

Quality hobbies for seniors provide mental, social, and/or physical activity without overexertion. Recommended activities include low-impact exercise like swimming, creative outlets like painting, games and puzzles to challenge cognition, social pastimes like book clubs, and more. Remain open-minded to discover new passions!

Some great hobbies for older ladies with MCI include simple crafts like knitting or crochet, singing along with familiar songs, cooking comfort recipes, looking through memorabilia, mild gardening, stretching while seated, jigsaw puzzles, reminiscing with loved ones, and more. Focus on enjoyment over skill-building.

Hobbies exercise specific cognitive abilities to increase neural connectivity and blood flow. Learning new skills promotes neuroplasticity while practicing familiar activities leverages reserve. Challenging the brain across domains like memory, attention, coordination, and problem-solving delays age-related decline.

Creative hobbies that leverage imagination and self-expression provide cognitive as well as emotional benefits for seniors. Recommended creative pastimes include art like painting or drawing, expressive writing, photography, needle crafts, flower arranging, baking, woodworking, and more – the options are endless!

Regular problem-solving activity strengthens executive function in regions that support planning, focus, reasoning, and cognitive flexibility. Great brain training hobbies include chess, puzzles, card and board games, crosswords, learning a language, crafting, DIY projects, and anything else that keeps your mind actively engaged!

Choosing the Best Hobbies For You

I covered quite a few engaging activities shown to benefit aspects of cognition and mental fitness. While they target different systems in their own ways, the common thread is challenging your brain via direct inputs.

Regular stimulation keeps neural circuits active and primes them to make new connections – building up reserve capacity that pays dividends later in life. Protective effects accumulate so the earlier you start exercising the brain, the better!

What creative hobby will you pursue today for better brain health tomorrow? Your revived or newfound passion awaits!

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